Article I: Name and Organization
The Name of the Society shall be "The
Neurosurgical Society of America."
The Society is a non-profit public benefit
society and is not organized for the private gain of any person. It is
organized for public educational and charitable purposes, operating
exclusively within the meaning of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal
Not withstanding any other provision in
these articles, the Society shall not carry on any other activities not
permitted to be carried on (a) by a society exempt from federal income tax
under Section 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code or by (b) by a
Society whose contributions are deductible under Section 170(c)(2) of the
Internal Revenue Code.
No substantial part of the activities of
this Society shall consist of carrying on propaganda, or otherwise
attempting to influence legislation, and the Society shall not participate
or intervene in any political campaign (including the publishing or
distribution of statements) on behalf of any candidate for public office.
The property of this Society is irrevocably
dedicated to educational and charitable purposes and no part of the net
income or assets of this Society shall ever inure to the benefit of any
director, officer or member thereof, or to the benefit of any private
person. Upon dissolution or winding up of the Society, its assets
remaining after payment, or provision for payment, of all debts and
liabilities of this Society shall be distributed to a non-profit fund,
foundation or society which is organized and operated exclusively for
educational and charitable purposes and which has established its tax
exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
Article II: Objectives
The objectives of the Society shall be to
enhance the advancement of the specialty of neurological surgery in
Article III: Membership
- by furnishing a forum for
intimate exchange of ideas and information among a group of
- by fostering personal acquaintanceship
among its members to make free and confident exchange of information
- by bringing young neurosurgeons of
promise into a group where they can develop full expression of ideas
before a cross section of American neurosurgery;
- by sponsoring international
meetings on a personal plane of critical but sympathetic
discussion of progress in neurological surgery on this continent
and abroad through further dissemination of new information in the
field of neurological surgery;
- by maintaining in its
membership roll a balance between academic and practicing
neurosurgeons to promote harmonious balance between teaching of
neurosurgery and its practice in American communities.
Section 1: Classes of Membership
- Active membership shall be
formed from among neurosurgeons who are certified by the American
Board of Neurological Surgery or, in the case of residents of
foreign countries, its equivalent in the opinion of the Society.
The privilege of voting shall be reserved to the active membership
and senior members. The privilege of holding executive office
shall be reserved to the active membership. Forty-five years
of age shall be the upper age limit for applicants. The
applicant's name must be formally submitted to the Membership
Committee before the date of his forty-sixth birthday to be
- Senior Membership may be elected
after 15 years of active membership, upon request of the member,
and shall be automatic at the age of 65. Senior members may serve
on committees, may have the privilege of voting, but are not
eligible to hold executive office.
- Associate membership may
be accorded those who are not neurosurgeons, but in a closely
related field and whose contributions and attendance will be to
the benefit of the Society. Members in this class shall be limited
to twelve individuals who are credentialed in their respective
- Honorary membership may be
accorded certain individuals without reference to qualifications
or age whom the Society wishes to honor.
- Section 2:
Election to membership
shall be by approval of the Membership
Committee and Executive
Committee followed by secret ballot of the entire active
membership, a three-fourths vote being required for election.
- Section 3:
- Selection of honorary
members shall be either upon nomination to the Membership
Committee or initiated by that committee. Upon presentation to the
membership, election shall require unanimous assent of those
Article IV: Officers
Article V: Committees
- Section 1:
- The officers of the
organization shall be a President, President-Elect,
Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and five Councilors. These
ten individuals shall constitute the Executive Committee. The
President-Elect and Vice-President shall be elected annually. The
office of President shall be assumed by the President-Elect one
year after his election to this office. Councilors shall be the
three immediate Past Presidents and two councilors elected from
membership. One councilor shall be nominated annually on the basis
of his interest and demonstrated service to the Neurosurgical
Society of America. He shall take office at the end of the Annual
Meeting at which he is elected and serve for two years.
- Section 2:
- The majority of all votes cast shall be necessary to constitute
election of officers.
- Section 3:
- The terms of office for Secretary and for Treasurer will be three years.
These terms of office must be staggered so that they do not expire
in the same year.
- Section 4:
- An archivist shall be appointed for an indefinite period
by the President. The archivist may attend the Executive
Committee meeting but shall not have a
- Section 1:
The standing committees
of the Society shall consist of Executive, Nominating, Membership,
Program, Auditing and Finance, Arrangements, and Site Selection
- The Executive Committee. It
shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to oversee the
functioning of the various officers and committees and insure the
efficient running of the Society. It shall have the power to drop
from the roll any member who has failed to pay their dues for more
than two years, or who misses any meeting of the Society without
adequate excuse, or fails for any reason to maintain professional
standards in their community.
- The Nominating Committee shall
consist of five members, one elected each year by a majority vote
of the Executive Committee to serve a term of three years. The
other two members shall be the two immediate Past Presidents with
the Past Past President serving as Chairman. It shall have
responsibility of presenting candidates for office each year.
However, an opportunity shall be presented for nominations from
the floor before balloting is opened.
- The Membership Committee shall
consist of four members appointed by the President. It shall be
the responsibility of this committee to receive applications and
present eligible candidates to the membership by letter one month
prior to their being voted upon by the Society. It shall be the
major responsibility of the Membership Committee to examine the
individuals proposed for membership with a view of their
consonance with the ideals and objectives of the organization. The
term of office for Chairman of this committee is limited to five
- The Program Committee shall
consist of five members appointed by the President to prepare for
and serve at the time of the ensuing Annual Meeting. The term of
office of the Chairman of the committee is limited to five years.
- The Auditing and Finance
Committee shall consist of four members whose duty it will be to examine the books of the Treasurer and state their condition at the ensuing meeting as well as to oversee the financial affairs to be sure that the Society is managing its assets and expenses in the best way possible. Committee members shall be appointed by the President but may not include any current member of the Executive Committee or the prior year’s treasurer.
- The Arrangements Committee shall
consist of three members, one selected each year by the Executive
Committee, producing continuity in physical arrangements and
permitting each committee member to be responsible for the
arrangements with the hotel and the membership for his meeting.
- The Site
Selection Committee shall consist of 3 members appointed by the
President. At least one member should be a Past President. It is
responsible for identifying future meeting sites and negotiating
meeting site contracts. The term of the Chairman is limited to
- The NSA Medal
Committee will consist of six members appointed by the President.
It shall be the responsibility of this committee to select an
individual to be honored by award of the NSA Medal. The term of
office of the Chairman of this committee is limited to five years.
Article VI: Meetings
- Section 2:
President shall have power to appoint such special committees as
required in the best interests of the Society.
Article VII: Quorum
- Section 1:
- Meetings shall be held annually.
- Section 2:
- Special meetings may be called by the President or any three members of
The membership present at any Annual
Executive session of an Annual Meeting or special meeting shall constitute
a quorum for business.
Article VIII: Bylaws
Bylaws may be adopted, amended, or repealed
at any regular meeting by a two-thirds vote.
Article IX: Amendments
This constitution shall take effect
immediately upon its adoption and shall not be amend except by a written
resolution which shall lie over for one year and receive a vote of
three-fourths of the members present.
Article I: Duties of Officers
- Section 1: President
- It shall be the duty of the President
to preside at all meetings of the Society, to give the casting vote,
and to see that rules are properly enforced in all deliberations of
the Society. He shall be ex-officio a member of all committees. He
shall assume office at the end of the annual meeting at which he is
installed and shall continue in office until the end of the
subsequent annual meeting. In the event of a vacancy in any office,
it shall be the privilege of the President to appoint an interim
- Section 2: President-Elect
- The President-Elect shall preside in
the absence of the President. The President-Elect shall succeed the
President at the next Annual Meeting.
- Section 3: Vice-President
- In the absence of the President and
President-Elect, the Vice-President shall preside and assume the usual
duties of the President. In the absence of the President,
President-Elect, and Vice-President, the Secretary shall preside pro
- Section 4: Secretary
- It shall be the duty of the Secretary
to keep a true record of the proceedings of the meetings, to preserve
all books, papers and articles belonging to the Society, and to keep a
register of the members. He shall send notice of all meetings to each
member at the appropriate time and notify all members of committees of
their appointments. He shall also act as a Secretary of the Executive
Committee. At the end of each Annual Meeting the Secretary shall
summarize the Society's activities during the year and along with the
printed program for the meeting deposit these documents with the
- Section 5: Treasurer
- It shall be the duty of the Treasurer
to collect all money due from the members, keep a correct record of
such funds, and disburse funds for the ordinary expenses of the
Society as well as other funds ordered by the Executive Committee.
Article II: Dues
The Executive Committee of the Society
shall have the power to determine dues and assessments of all categories of membership
on an annual basis.
Article III: Parliamentary Procedure
The deliberations of this Society shall be
governed by parliamentary usage as contained in "Robert's Rules of
Order", unless otherwise determined by vote.
Article IV: Order Of Business
The order of procedure of the Executive
Session of the Society shall be as follows:
The call to order
The reading of the minutes
Reports of officers and committees
Election of officers
Installation of new members
Appointment of standing and
special committees by the President.
Article V: Membership
- Section 1:
- Election of new members
shall be at such times as may be designated by the Executive
Committee and shall be held at least once annually if there are
- Section 2: Procedure of Application for Membership
A candidate must meet the
qualifications for active membership outlined in ARTICLE III,
Section IA of the Constitution. Candidates for membership must
have attended at least one meeting of the Society before being
proposed. Two sponsors are necessary for proposal of membership.
Those considered for associate membership shall undergo the
regular application process.
A principal sponsor presents the
candidate's name, curriculum vitae, and sponsoring letters of
recommendation to the Chairman of the Membership Committee for
consideration. If the candidate seems eligible, the Chairman of
the Membership Committee and at least one of the sponsors, in
person, then present the name of the candidate along with his or
her curriculum vitae and letters of recommendation to the
Executive Committee. If approved, the Secretary then sends the
candidate an application form to be completed and returned.
Following review by the Executive Committee, balloting may take
- Section 3: Procedure of Election to Membership
When the candidate has been approved
by majority vote of the Executive Committee, his or her name is
circularized to membership. One month after the candidates are
presented to the Society by letter the Secretary shall mail ballots
to all active members in good standing. Favorable vote from
three-fourths of the active membership is necessary for election.
Any ballot not returned in thirty days is considered a favorable
The ballots shall be opened by a
disinterested party and presented to the Secretary for counting. The
Secretary shall notify the President, Chairman of the Membership
Committee, and the successful candidates six weeks after the ballots
are mailed to the membership. Ballots shall be preserved until the
next meeting of the Executive Committee for auditing and then
- Section 4:
- The successful candidates
shall be installed at the next Annual Business Meeting. At this
time, ARTICLE II of the Constitution setting forth the objectives of
the Society shall be read.
- Section 5:
- All rejected applications
shall be reviewed by the Executive Committee before notification.
This Committee shall have the privilege of requesting convening of
the Membership Committee for review of such rejected applications.
Article VI: Attendance of Meetings
- Section 1:
- Every active member of the
Society is expected to attend every Annual Meeting.
- Section 2:
- The membership of any
active member who fails to attend any meeting may be terminated
unless he or she submits an excuse acceptable to the Executive
Committee within ninety days.
- Section 3:
- Absence from two meetings
during the first five years of active membership or three meetings
during any subsequent five-year period, except for reasons
acceptable to the Executive Committee shall result in automatic
termination of membership.
- Section 4:
- Individuals whose
membership is terminated under the provision of this Bylaw may apply
to the Membership Committee for readmission. Such applications shall
be considered in the light of other pending applications for
membership in the Society. Applicants for readmission shall be
exempt from the age requirement.
- Section 5:
- Before associate members
are proposed, they must attend at least one meeting. Associate
members shall attend Annual Meetings at least every three years.
Absence from three consecutive meetings, except for reasons
acceptable to the Executive Committee, shall result in automatic
termination of membership.
Article VIII: Committees
The Chairman and members of the Standing
and Ad-hoc Committees shall be appointed annually by the President. In no
case shall an individual serve as Chairman of a Committee for more than
Addendum - Neurosurgical Society of America
1. Introduction of members and proposal of
Members of the Society invite prospective
candidates for membership to one or more of the Annual Meetings where the
prospective candidates can and should meet a variety of the members of the
Society. At this time the candidate's interest in the Neurosurgical
Society of America can be assessed and ideally the candidate can present a
paper. The requirements for membership state that candidates for
membership must be certified with the American Board of Neurological
Surgeons and must be proposed before the date of their 46th birthday. The
Bylaws require that all candidates proposed for membership shall have
attended at least one meeting of the Society. The Membership Committee
generally feels that it is best if the candidate has attended at least two
meetings of the Society and presented at least one scientific paper prior
to being seriously considered by the Membership Committee.
The sponsor proposes a candidate for
membership in the Society by a letter to the Chairman of the Membership
Committee. Two sponsors are necessary to propose a candidate for
membership (ByLaws, Article V, Section 2). Letters of co-sponsorship from
other interested members should also be directed to the Chairman of the
Membership Committee. The Membership Committee also requires a curriculum
vitae and a photograph of the candidate.
2. Active membership process
The Membership Committee reviews the
records of the candidates for membership and at the Fall Interim Meeting,
the Committee presents to the Executive Committee the names of candidates
for membership who are being considered for formal presentation to the
Executive Committee at the following Annual Meeting. The candidates will
generally have attended two meetings and presented one or two scientific
papers. Discussion of the presented candidates will follow. This is
probably the most important step in the membership process and sponsors
and co-sponsors should make every attempt to attend the Interim Meeting to
speak on behalf of their candidate.
At the Annual Meeting the Membership
Committee will formally present to the Executive Committee a list of
candidates suggested to receive an application for membership. This list
of candidates is generally the same as was presented to the Executive
Committee at the preceding Fall Interim Meeting. Once again, open
discussion of the candidates is invited and once again it is important for
sponsors and co-sponsors to be present to speak on behalf of their
candidates. The Executive Committee then decides which candidates are to
receive applications for membership. The applications are then sent out by
the Secretary following the Annual Meeting.
3. Approval of members for membership
Applications are returned by the candidates
during the summer. At the Interim Meeting in the Fall, the Executive
Committee reviews the completed applications. If a completed application
is approved, the candidate will be included on a ballot to be sent to the
membership in the Winter. A favorable vote from three-quarters of the
active membership is necessary for election. Candidates who are approved
in the balloting are inducted into active membership in the Society at the
following Annual Meeting.
Thus, the time from initial proposal by the
Membership Committee to the Executive Committee until actual induction
into the Society is eighteen months. A candidate may be under
consideration for a period exceeding this length of time. It is thus wise
to propose candidates at an early age since the entire process may take
three or more years. Those interested in sponsoring candidates for
membership are well advised to secure a number of co-sponsors for their
candidates so that someone is available to speak on the candidate's
behalf at Annual and Interim Executive Committee Meetings.
Active promotion of a candidate by his
sponsor and co-sponsors is very important. The interested and successful
sponsor keeps the Membership Committee advised of his interest in the